Black Bear, ursus americanus
BEAR (ursus americanus)
Their colouration ranges
from black to brown to cinnamon
to the rare colours
of grayish-blue or creamy white (The Kermode Bear is a white
Black Bear and lives in very few
areas of the British
Columbia Coast). Black bears have large round ears and a long
nose; their hind end appears to be
higher than their
front end. Black bear are good climbers, swimmers and runners
(up to 25 miles/40 km per hour).
Male Black Bear
can reach six feet/1.9 m tall (standing on hind legs)
and weigh from 130
to 600 pounds. Males live about 25 years.
Mature female Black
Bear weigh between 125 to 250 pounds. Mother bears start
with their first
offspring at age three to five years and have between one
to four cubs
every two or more
years over their 20-year life span.
In the Spring (April-May),
Black Bear can be seen eating the lush new growth of vegetation
along the road side,
or turning over rocks along the oceanfront in search of small
crabs and eels. Later
in Summer, the Bears usually move inland to eat the ripening
Late Summer (August/September)
and early Fall (October) their diet changes again to
consist mainly of
fresh fish caught in spawning streams and rivers. This is
viewing time as
the bears are eating as much as possible in order to store
body fat in preparation for hibernation.
Black Bear are very abundant in the
North Island Region giving you ample viewing opportunities.Please
help keep our bear popuation healthy by meticulously cleaning
any area you visit
and please do not feed the bear.
For the ultimate
experience, why not organize a group and hike with a local
who will take you
all into the woods to experience and learn all about the habitat
of this animal.